East Timor: Political Dynamics, Development, and International Involvement Congressional Research Service Summary The situation in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, which is also known as simply Timor-Leste or East Timor, is relatively calm compared with … At that time, Indonesia had military, economic and political support from countries such as UK, USA and Australia, for various reasons including the oil and gas reserves, a strategic location, various trade and cheap labor related interests. A former Portuguese colony, East Timor (now Timor-Leste) is located on the Eastern half of the island of Timor (the western half became a part of Indonesia immediately following independence). Isaacson gives a figure of 100,000 deaths resulting from the occupation, or one-seventh of the population, and there are good judges who put this estimate on the low side. 12 Dec. 2001. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press. And therefore, East Timorese people decided to declare independence from Portugal. Alternatively, copy/paste the following MLA citation format for this page: Shah, Anup. Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor. Much of East Timor was destroyed and at some points there were estimates from 200,000 to 300,000 refugees created with up to 600,000 people displaced. During the East Timor conflict, many reliable reports detailed executions of pregnant women, the killing of infants, and the torture of countless men. During World War II, the country was occupied by Japan, but again became a Portuguese colony after the war. The next several years were full of strive and unrest in the country as rebels tried to hold off the Indonesian invasion. Most mainstream coverage failed to trace back the root causes for such gross violations (i.e. Here, there may have been an even greater need for similar international involvement in helping diffuse the crisis. East Timor was ruled by Portugal for about 3 centuries. East Timor or Timor-Leste is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.. So from 1975 up till now, East Timor has been occupied by the Indonesian troops. To print all information (e.g. Some 1,400 civilians are believed to have died. This writing will aim to provide a critical and analytical explication on the East Timor crisis, and subsequently attempt to understand its underlying origins and sources from a Cold War theoretical perspective. It has been pointed out that the ethnic cleansing in East Timor was a tactical move to lure people into West Timor, which, unlike East Timor, is part of Indonesia. Leading up to this and after the vote where there was an overwhelming majority who voted for independence, Indonesian military-backed militia and paramilitaries went on a terror campaign with slow international reaction. 08 Dec. 2020. Indonesia invades East Timor Early in the morning, Indonesian forces launch a massive invasion of the former Portuguese half of the island of Timor, which lies near Australia in the Timor Sea… When Indonesia invaded East Timor in 1975, it was with the OK from the then US President, Ford. Locations and members of the pro-independence National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT) were […] Events involving East Timor's government are complicating the … East Timor used to be a Portuguese colony for about 500 years; and in 1975, Portugal withdrew from East Timor because of the revolution in Portugal, on April 25, 1974. Exposure of the tragedy of East Timor–and of the U.S. government role–is essential to the future of the East Timorese people. It is also in the process of rebuilding and recovering from the violence it has suffered. Oral history video clip featuring Constâncio Pinto, East Timor survivor. Both nations sought imperialistic agendas towards Timor. In 1975, November 1975, the East Timorese declare de facto independence for East Timor.
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